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Living With Diabetes: Knowing Your Treatment Options

by Shannon, January 28, 2019

As we continue to delve into our Diabetes series, we recognize that you may be here because you have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes or even pre-diabetes. Likely, you may be craving for information to understand how your body is affected by the disease in addition to wanting to know how to move forward.

While every individual is different, knowing the common types of diabetes treatments can help prepare you for the road that lies ahead. With more than 100 million Americans facing a diagnosis of diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, know that you are not alone when seeking treatment options.


Treatment Options for Type 1 Diabetes

If you have been diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes, then you are one of the 1.25 million individuals with this disease, according to the American Diabetes Association. Type 1 diabetes affects only 5 percent of individuals with diabetes and occurs when the body does not create enough insulin on its own or your immune system destroys pancreas cells that make insulin.


Common treatment options include:

  • Insulin: Children and adults diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes manage the disease with a variety of insulins. Insulin is delivered through pumps, pens or syringes. The dosage and frequency of use depends upon the severity of the disease and is managed by a physician.
  • Prescription Metformin: More commonly used by people affected by Type 2 diabetes, Metformin, in combination with insulin, may be necessary for people with Type 1 diabetes. This medication helps the liver process sugar and helps control the body’s blood-sugar levels.
  • Prescription Pramlintide: This type of medication may be prescribed to help your body better control sugar. It acts as a hormone and is often used in conjunction with insulin, according to the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.
  • Additional Medications: Since Type 1 diabetes can cause complications in the body, some patients are prescribed medication for high blood pressure and high cholesterol to help with overall health.
  • Lifestyle Changes: As with any type of diabetes, it is important to incorporate lifestyle changes to help control blood sugar levels. Your physician may create a low-carb diet plan for you and encourage exercise along with blood sugar monitoring and carbohydrate counting.


Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent than Type 1 diabetes, currently accounting for 95 percent of cases in the United States, according to the American Diabetes Association. If you have been diagnosed with this condition, it is a result of your body facing an insulin deficiency, over-production of sugar, or insulin resistance. Careful monitoring by a physician is essential when moving forward with treatment options.


Common treatment options include:

  • Diet and Exercise: Many individuals with Type 2 diabetes are able to control the disease with a lifestyle change. Eating healthy foods, limiting carbs, and exercising can naturally help reduce your A1C. In fact, if you are overweight, a healthy diet can help you to lose weight and help control your diabetes.
  • Insulin: In some cases, people with Type 2 diabetes may need to treat the condition with insulin. While insulin is not as common of a treatment as it is for Type 1 diabetes, it may still be necessary for some patients.
  • Prescription Metformin: This medication is among the most common for people with Type 2 diabetes. Metformin helps control your body’s blood sugar levels and your liver’s ability to process sugar.
  • Additional Medications: In some cases, physicians may prescribe diabetes medication, such as Micronase, Glucotrol, Prandin, Glucophage, Avandia, Actos, Acarbose and Miglitol. Since each case of Type 2 diabetes is different, the variety of prescription options helps to accommodate specific needs, according to American Family Physician.


Treatment Options for Pre-Diabetes

While a diagnosis of pre-diabetes may not be what you were hoping for, it is a less risky condition than Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. In fact, many people with pre-diabetes can prevent themselves from moving toward these two types of diabetes by embracing treatment options early on.

Common treatment options include:

  • Physical Activity: If you are overweight or even obese, you are more at risk for being diagnosed with pre-diabetes. However, with more physical activity, you can lead a healthy life. With increased physical activity, such as walking, bicycling or jogging, you may lose weight which causes reductions in blood glucose levels, according to the American Heart Association.
  • Diet Management: What you put into your mouth matters, which is why an emphasis on eating low-carb meals and increasing your intake of vegetables is often recommended for pre-diabetes patients. Begin to count your carbs and follow a recommended diet plan from your physician to manage your condition and prevent Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.


Managing Diabetes With Grace and Support

Regardless of whether you have been diagnosed with type 1, type 2 or pre-diabetes, you need support to manage the disease. Care Indeed is here to help, offering resources for patients and caregiving options for those in need. Beyond our comprehensive guides and blogs to let you know you are not alone, we also offer support in ways you need as a patient or a family member.

As an individual with a form of diabetes, support and care are essential. Know the signs and symptoms of the disease. Evaluate diabetes treatment options and seek out resources from local and national organizations, such as Care Indeed.

We work closely with patients to offer care that allows you to fight any type of condition or illness. And, with diabetes, guidance and support can make managing the condition much more bearable. Life with any type of diabetes is challenging and learning how to accept the challenge is the first step in living life. While you may struggle with the changes as a patient, caregiver or family member, the support you need is only a click away.

Care Indeed is committed to providing you the support and in-home caregivers who understand your challenges and daily struggles at work and home. Learn more about how to get the support you need while living with Diabetes today